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Publication highlights


This study identifies critical determinants of combined sprint and endurance performance using multiple regression analyses of physiologic determinants at different biologic levels. The results suggest that fascicle length and capillarization may be important targets for individualized training to optimize both sprint and endurance performance

- Publications

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Articles in peer-reviewed international journals 

27. de Haan M., van der Zwaard S., Schreven S., Beek P.J. & Jaspers R.T. (2024). Determining VO2max in competitive swimmers: Comparing the validity and reliability of cycling, arm cranking, ergometer swimming, and tethered swimming. J Sci Med Sport, Apr 04, online ahead of print.

26. Huiberts R.O., Wüst R.C.I. & van der Zwaard S. (2024). Concurrent strength and endurance training: a systematic review and meta-analysis on the impact of sex and training status. Sports Med., 54, 485-503.

25. Smit A., van der Zwaard S., Janssen I. & Janssen T.W.J. (2023). Power loss of the chain drive in a race tandem bicycle. Sport Engineering, 26, 49.

24. van der Zwaard S., Otter R.T.A., Kempe M., Knobbe A. & Stoter I.K. (2023). Capturing the complex relationship between internal and external training load: a data-driven approach. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 18, 634-642.

23. Jacobs N., Mos D., Bloemers F.W., van der Laarse W.J., Jaspers R.T. & van der Zwaard S. (2023). Low myoglobin concentration in skeletal muscle of elite cyclists is associated with low mRNA expression levels. Eur J Appl Physiol. 23, 1469-1478.

22. Lanferdini F.J., Diefenthaeler F., Ávila A.G., Moro A.R.P., van der Zwaard S. & Vaz M.A. (2023). Quadriceps muscle morphology is an important determinant of maximal isometric and crank torques of cyclists. Sports. 11, 22.

21. Goudsmit J.F.A., Otter R.T.A, Stoter I.K., van Holland B., van der Zwaard S. , de Jong J. & Vos S. (2022). Co-operative design of a coach dashboard for training monitoring and feedback. Sensors. 22, 9073.

20. De Leeuw A.-W., van Baar R., Knobbe A. & van der Zwaard S. (2022). Modeling match performance in elite volleyball players: importance of jump load and strength training characteristics. Sensors. 22, 7996.

19. Otter R.T.A., Bakker A.C., van der Zwaard S., Toering T., Goudsmit J.F.A., Stoter I.K. & de Jong J. (2022). Perceived training of junior speed skaters versus the coach’s intention: Does a mismatch relate to perceived stress and recovery? Int J Environ Res Public Health. 19, 11221.

18. Van der Zwaard S., Hooft Graafland F., Van Middelkoop C., & Lintmeijer L.L. (2022). Validity and reliability of facial rating of perceived exertion scales for training load monitoring. J. Strength Cond Res. 37, e317-e324..


17. Brocherie, F., Jaspers R.T., Millet, G.P. & van der Zwaard S. (2022). Commentaries on Viewpoint: Using O2max as a marker of training status in athletes – can we do better? J. Appl. Physiol. 133, 148-164.

16. De Leeuw A.-W., van der Zwaard S., van Baar R. & Knobbe A. (2022). Personalized machine learning approach to injury monitoring in elite volleyball players. Eur J Sport Sci. 22, 511-520.

15. Van der Zwaard S., Koppens T.F., Weide G., Levels K., Hofmijster M.J., de Koning J.J. & Jaspers R.T. (2021). Training-induced muscle adaptations during competitive preparation in elite female rowers. Front. Sports Act. Living. Dec 8, 3:781942. 

14. Van der Zwaard S., Brocherie F. & Jaspers R.T. (2021). Under the hood: skeletal muscle determinants of endurance performance. Front. Sports Act. Living. Aug 4, 3:719434.

13. De Leeuw A.-W., Heijboer M., Hofmijster M., van der Zwaard S. & Knobbe A. (2020). Time series regression in professional road cycling. In. A. Appice, G. Tsoumakas, Y. Manolopoulos & S. Matwin (Eds.), Discovery Science (pp. 689-703) 

12. Van der Zwaard S., de Leeuw A.W., Meerhoff L.A., Bodine S.C. & Knobbe A. (2020). Articles with impact: insights into 10 years of research with machine learning. J. Appl. Physiol. 129, 967-979.

11. Bobbert M.F., Casius L.J.R., van der Zwaard S. & Jaspers R.T. (2020). Effect of vasti morphology on peak sprint cycling power of a human musculoskeletal simulation model. J. Appl. Physiol. 128, 445-455.

10. Van der Zwaard S., de Ruiter C.J., Jaspers R.T.  & de Koning J.J. (2019). Anthropometric clusters of competitive cyclists and their sprint and endurance performance. Front. Physiol. 10, 1276.

09. Van der Zwaard S., Jaspers R.T.  & van der Laarse W.J. (2018). Commentaries on viewpoint: O2peak is an acceptable estimate of cardiorespiratory fitness but not O2max. J. Appl. Physiol. 125, 966-967.

08Van der Zwaard S., Weide G., Levels, K., Eikelboom M.R.I., Noordhof D.A., Hofmijster M.J., van der Laarse W.J., de Koning  J.J., de Ruiter C.J. & Jaspers R.T. (2018). Muscle morphology of the vastus lateralis is strongly related to ergometer performance, sprint capacity and endurance capacity in Olympic rowers. J. Sports Sci. 36, 2111-2120.

07Van der Zwaard S., Brocherie F., Kom B.L.G., Millet G.P., Deldicque L., van der Laarse W.J., Girard O. & Jaspers R.T. (2018). Adaptations in muscle oxidative capacity, fiber size and oxygen supply capacity after repeated-sprint training in hypoxia combined with chronic hypoxic exposure. J. Appl. Physiol. 124, 1403-1412. 

06. Van der Zwaard S., van der Laarse W.J., Weide G., Bloemers F.W., Hofmijster M.J., Levels K., Noordhof D.A., de Koning J.J., de Ruiter C.J. & Jaspers R.T. (2018). Critical determinants of combined sprint and endurance performance: an integrative analysis from muscle fiber to the human body. FASEB J. 32, 2110-2123. 

05. Weide G., van der Zwaard S., Huijing P.A., Jaspers R.T., & Harlaar, J. (2017). 3D ultrasound imaging: Fast and cost-effective morphometry of musculoskeletal tissue. J. Vis. Exp., 129, e55943.

04. Van der Zwaard S., de Ruiter C.J., Noordhof D.A., Sterrenburg R., Bloemers F.W., de Koning J.J., Jaspers R.T. & van der Laarse W.J. (2016). Reply to Gifford et al.: Symmorphosis in chronic heart failure patients. J. Appl. Physiol. 121, 1040.

03. Van der Zwaard S., Jaspers, R.T., Blokland I.J., Achterberg C., Visser J.M., den Uil A.R., Hofmijster M.J., Levels K., Noordhof D.A., de Haan A., de Koning J.J., van der Laarse W.J., & de Ruiter C.J. (2016). Oxygenation threshold derived from near-infrared spectroscopy: Reliability and its relationship with the first ventilatory threshold. PLOS ONE, 11, e0162914. 

02. Van der Zwaard S., de Ruiter C.J., Noordhof D.A., Sterrenburg R., Bloemers F.W., de Koning, J.J., Jaspers R.T. & van der Laarse W.J. (2016). Maximal oxygen uptake is proportional to muscle fiber oxidative capacity, from chronic heart failure patients to professional cyclists. J. Appl. Physiol. 121, 636–645. 

01. Van der Zwaard S., Rougoor G., van Kasteel P.Y., Greany J., de Koning J.J., Hill E., Porcari J.P., Allen B., & Foster C. (2015). Graded exercise testing versus simulated competition exercise in trained older males. J. Cardiopulm. Rehabil. Prev. 35, 423-430.

Articles in non-peer reviewed journals or information platforms 

04. Bakker A.C., Otter R.T.A., Van der Zwaard S., Goudsmit J. & Stoter I.K. (2023). Verschillen tussen geplande en uitgevoerde trainingsbelasting. Sportgericht 77, 30-33.


03. Van der Zwaard S., Knobbe A.J., Meerhoff L.A., de Leeuw A-W.  & Damstra A.J. (2019). Sportdata in 2029. Sport Knowhow XL.

02Van der Zwaard S. (2018). Why muscles matter: optimaliseren van sprint- en duurprestaties van topsporters. Sportgericht 72, 8-14.

01. Van der Zwaard S., de Ruiter C.J., Noordhof D.A., Levels K., Hofmijster M.J., van der Laarse W.J., Jaspers R.T. & de Koning J.J. (2016). Concurrent training: combineren van sprint- en duurvermogen. Sportgericht 70, 42-47.

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